Archive for November, 2015
Posted by jonathanfryer on Sunday, 29th November, 2015
The value of music as therapy is something that many civilizations have understood. The Abbasid caliphate (750-1257 in the Western calendar) had hospitals for those suffering from mental illness in which music was part of patient care, alongside story-telling and fountains that cooled the summer air and promoted tranquility. But until recently little attention has been paid to the therapeutic benefits of music for musicians themselves, despite the fact that there are well-recorded instances of both composers and performers who experienced depression, mental breakdowns and other forms of mental illness. An old boy of my own school, Manchester Grammar, the brilliant pianist John Ogdon, was a case in point. These days it is easier to talk about mental illness than it was even 20 years ago, as the stigma is being gradually removed and mental conditions are increasingly been given parity to physical illnesses in government priorities.
All of this long preamble was stimulated by a performance I attended with my pianist friend Anna Paola last night in the basement auditorium of the Soho Theatre. James Rhodes played pieces by Bach, Chopin and Gluck (among others) on a Yamaha grand, each related to some aspect or period of his life and interspersed by short readings from and commentaries on his autobiography, Instrumental, which was published earlier this year. This covers the sexual abuse he suffered as a child, his frequent dissociation from the world around him, his periods of self-harm and the breakdown of his first marriage, as well as the epiphanies associated with his son and his meeting with the woman who is now his second wife. James Rhodes is a hugely appealing, even infectious, person on stage, endearing in his self-deprecation and his skill at avoiding bathos through humour. Personally I found some of his interpretations of Chopin heavily intense, but loved his renditions of Bach. It was interesting to note that the audience was predominantly young and the reactions of many had more in common with attendees at a pop concert rather than a classical recital. But like the violinist Nigel Kennedy, James Rhodes has helped make classical music cool to a new generation. And I shall certainly be buying and reading his book, as soon as I have finished writing my own childhood memoir.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Anna Paola, Instrumental, James Rhodes, John Ogdon, music, Soho Theatre | 1 Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Thursday, 26th November, 2015
Earlier this week I was honoured to be elected the new Chair of the Liberal Democrat Friends of Palestine, which aims to increase awareness and understanding among Liberal Democrats about issues relating to Palestine and to champion the recognition of Palestinian statehood. I follow in the distinguished footsteps of my former Oxford Oriental Institute fellow student John McHugo, who was recently appointed one of Party leader Tim Farron’s two advisors on the Middle East. Like John, I have spent a great deal of time in the region, in my case mainly as a writer and broadcaster, including commentating on Middle Eastern issues on TV channels from the area.
British public attitudes towards Palestine and Israel have shifted quite dramatically over the past few decades. When I was a schoolboy, Israel was seen as a heroic little infant state battling for its own survival, experimenting with new forms of collective society and spearheading new technology in an otherwise under-developed part of the world. But almost half of century of illegal Israeli occupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem since the Six Day War of 1967, coupled with the ongoing Israeli blockade of Gaza and disproportionate military action against the Gaza Strip have soured the perception of Israel. I deplore Gazan rocket attacks on Israel and the recent spate of knife and other attacks on Israeli citizens but these should not obscure the fact that Israel is in breach of international law in its occupation, the related settlement activity (which continues unabated) and the daily instances of human rights abuses and humiliations committed against Palestinians. There has also been an unpleasant recent rise in attacks on Palestinians by extremist Israeli settlers in the occupied territories which the Israeli authorities have failed to address adequately.
On the international stage, Palestine has been gaining increased recognition, with the notable exception of Israel’s great ally the United States and most of the EU member states, including Britain. It is high time that Britain also extended recognition to Palestine and brought greater pressure on the state of Israel to abide by international law. Israeli settlement activity is in danger of making any two-state solution, to which in principle the West is committed, impossible. Israel in principle has so much to offer the Middle East, as does a viable Palestinian state. But there is going to have to be a fundamental shift in attitudes and policies on the ground to make any sort of bright future happen. Otherwise the violence and the hatred will continue and everyone will be the loser.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Gaza, Israel, John McHugo, ldfp, Palestine, Tim Farron | 1 Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Wednesday, 25th November, 2015
Most of the Liberal Democrats’ big beasts in the House of Commons were swept away in May’s nightmare general election, but one exception was Norman Lamb, MP for North Norfolk and former Minister of State for Care and Support. It was largely through his determination as a Minister in the 2010-2015 Coalition government that mental health moved into more of a position of parity with physical health in the British government’s priorities and perceptions. So that was inevitably one of the major topics for discussion when he came to speak to Lewisham Liberal Democrats at a dinner in Blackheath last night. However, the thrust of most of his remarks was forward-looking, not backward-looking, in particular highlighting the size of the mountain that the LibDems have to climb in order to become a political force with clout once again. There is a fine cohort of more than 100 LibDem peers in the House of Lords which are doing sterling work in trying to hold the Conservatives to account. But in the House of Commons, there are only eight LibDem MPs left, making them not even the third largest party and therefore depriving them of some automatic rights to speak in debates. The media are mainly ignoring the Party and therefore an arresting new narrative, based on Liberal principles, is needed to grab people’s attention. Norman spoke fondly of the legacy of the passionate radical Jo Grimond, who in the 1960s helped the then Liberal Party punch above its weight thanks to his principles and rhetoric — an observation that resonated with me as I was rallied to the Liberal cause by Jo Grimond personally when he came to speak to my school in the run-up to the March 1966 general election. We have to find both the issues and the passion, to hone a distinctive message, Norman said, suggesting that one topic that might attract younger voters would be reform of Britain’s antiquated drug laws. I also believe that the LibDem MPs should be prepared to take a stand against David Cameron’s call for more direct military engagement in Syria unless United Nations involvement and diplomatic activity aimed at a political settlement are to the fore.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: David Cameron, Jo Grimond, Lewisham Liberal Democrats, Liberal Demorcats, Norman Lamb | Leave a Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Tuesday, 24th November, 2015
The downing of a Russian fighter jet by Turkey earlier today is potentially a dangerous escalation of the febrile situation in the Middle East, though it need not be, if handled correctly. I agreed with the former Swedish foreign minister, Carl Bildt, when he tweeted that normally one might fire a warning shot at a plane allegedly violating one’s airspace, not shoot it down. The situation has been made worse by the fact that the Russian pilot and co-pilot have, according to some reports, been either killed or captured by anti-government rebels in Syria, who are vehemently opposed to Russia’s support for Bashar al-Assad’s regime. Anyway, one cannot undo the shooting down, now that it has happened, and NATO will be having an emergency meeting in Brussels tonight — at the request of Turkey — to discuss the situation.
The Turkish government meanwhile is being rather macho about it all, saying that it reserves the right to take any measures necessary to preserve its national sovereignty, but this rather obscures the fact that the last thing the Middle East needs is a head-on conflict between NATO and Russia, which could conceivably happen if Turkey were to press ahead with its invocation of Articles 4 & 5 of the North Atlantic treaty, according to which all NATO members are obliged to come to the assistance of a member state that has come under attack. Instead, what is needed is some rapid but determined international diplomacy, to take some of the tension out of the situation. It was Churchill who famously said that jaw-jaw is better than war-war, and that is certainly the case in this instance. It is to be hoped that Britain and other senior members of NATO will work with the Turks to find some face-saving measures that could take off some of the heat. Otherwise what some observers are already seeing as a proxy war in Syria by outside powers could all too easily disintegrate into the real thing.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Bashar Al-Assad, Carl Bildt, NATO, Russia, Syria, Turkey | Leave a Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Sunday, 22nd November, 2015
David Cameron and other British government Ministers have been busy demonstrating the warmth of their relationship with Saudi Arabia in recent months which begs the question: why? Of course, the Desert Kingdom uses a significant part of its oil wealth to purchase arms and other products and services from Britain, but in which ways do the two countries’ values coincide? Certainly both are sworn enemies of self-styled Islamic State (ISIS), yet individual Saudis have been funding that nefarious group. Moreover it is not difficult to see how the twisted ideology of ISIS has roots in the Wahhabi version of fundamentalist Islam, which Saudi Arabia has been aggressively exporting throughout the Islamic world, as well as among Muslim communities elsewhere. This creed is the very antithesis of the sort of tolerant multiculturalism that is needed in an increasingly globalised world, condemning as false believers not only non-Muslims but also Shia and other Muslims who do not adhere to Wahhabism’s narrow sectarianism. Yemen is an overwhelmingly Muslim country but it is being battered by Saudi Arabia with huge cost to both people and the country’s rich cultural heritage in an ongoing war that has received little criticism in the West.
However, the thing that really alarms me is the way that the UK’s Conservative government seems blind to the appalling human rights abuses that continue in the Kingdom. Executions this year are running at an obscenely high level, one of the latest to be condemned to death being the Palestinian poet and artist Asraf Fayadh, on the medieval charge of apostasy. Crucifixion is still practised in extreme cases as well as barbaric punishments that should have no place in the 21st century. The blogger Raif Badawi is still liable to be lashed every Friday just for writing about liberalism. The great victory at the end of World War II was the acknowledgment in 1948 that human rights are universal. All UN member states have signed up to that, including Saudi Arabia. It is time for Britain and other countries around the world to put pressure on the Saudis to live up to that commitment.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Ashraf Fayadh, David Cameron, human rights, ISIS, Saudi Arabia | Leave a Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Saturday, 21st November, 2015
The much missed late, great leader of the Liberal Democrats, Charles Kennedy, was routinely mocked by political opponents as “Chatshow Charlie”, because of his readiness to go on popular TV programmes, including and especially the BBC’s Have I Got News for You (HIGNFY). But as with schoolboys, this mocking often masked jealousy on the others’ part, as Charles was such a warm and witty person who remained so utterly himself on camera that he endeared audiences, even those who normally have no time for politicians. And although Charles’s principled stance over the Iraq War (for which he was viciously heckled by MPs on both sides of the House of Commons) was certainly the major reason the LibDems did so well in 2005, winning 62 seats, another explanation was Charles Kennedy’s humanity. The excuse for bringing this up now is that next Friday, 27 November, the current LibDem leader, Tim Farron, will be occupying one of those HIGNFY hot-seats. Sir Humphrey Appleby would doubtless have dubbed this a “bold” move and it is indeed quite brave. Some politicians have ended up looking right plonkers on HIGNFY, particularly if they try to be “clever”. My advice to Tim is this: be prepared for some rigorous ribbing (de rigueur for any politician on the show), including and especially for your religious beliefs and the smallness of the LibDems’ cohort in the House of Commons. Do your homework on what are the sort of subjects likely to come up in the questions. But above all, be yourf usual relaxed, even cheeky self. Don’t try to be anything else but but Tim Farron, the lad from Preston who made good, and maybe, one day, when viewers see you on TV they’ll say, “Oh, there’s that Tim from Have I Got News for You”, in the way that they hailed Charles and learned to love him.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Charles Kennedy, HIGNFY, Liberal Democrats, Tim Farron | Leave a Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Wednesday, 18th November, 2015
In the wake of last weekend’s appalling terrorist attacks in Paris the UK Prime Minister, David Cameron, last night stated his determination to get tougher with ISIS, including the possibility of getting parliamentary support for air strikes against ISIS positions in Syria. The UK already takes part in anti-ISIS military action in Iraq, at the request of the government in Baghdad, but so far has not joined the Americans, French and most recently the Russians in taking the fight to Syria. Indeed, when the prospect of air strikes in Syria was raised in August 2013, the House of Commons voted against. Would the result be any different this time, given the heightened outrage over the Paris attacks? Quite possibly. However, I believe that Tim Farron, the Liberal Democrat leader, was right last night to express reservations following Mr Cameron’s statement to the House on ISIS. Bombs are rarely the answer to conflict situations, usually just making matter worse.
Moreover, Britain has not been invited into Syria by the (ghastly) government in Damascus; indeed, Mr Cameron has made quite clear that he wants the Assad regime removed from power. But there are at least two other important considerations to be thought through carefully before rushing into military action. The first is that Britain is meant to be a champion of the rule of law as well as being a pillar of the United Nations system. So the first uncomfortable question is: where is the UN authority for all this? There have been talks in Vienna involving a wide range of countries that in principle are aiming at a political settlement to the Syria crisis and although they have not as yet progressed very these talks should, I believe, be the top priority. The second consideration is more controversial, namely that if Britain joins the bombing campaign against ISIS in Syria then it will almost certainly become a higher priority target for ISIS-inspired terrorist attacks. Doubtless Mr Cameron would say that that is a risk one takes in a war situation, but that it should not deflect us from the goal of wiping out the ISIS threat. That of course assumes that ISIS can be bombed out of existence, which I find difficult to believe, not least because each attack on the self-styled Islamic State acts a rallying call to radicalised young Islamist extremists.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: David Cameron, Iraq, ISIS, Syria, Tim Farron, United Nations | Leave a Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Monday, 16th November, 2015
When I studied Chinese at Oxford 40-odd years ago I was considered mad by most of my contemporaries, but this year there will be an estimated 7,000 British students in China and the Chancellor, George Osborne, wants that to rise to 80,000 over the next few years. That will still be far fewer than the 135,000 Chinese currently studying in the UK, of course, despite the difficulties some experience in getting visas. But it all goes to show how increasingly important the Anglo-Chinese relationship is these days — a far cry from the mutual misunderstandings of Lord Macartney’s mission to Beijing in 1793. President Xi Jinping was in Britain recently sealing a number of bilateral economic deals. But the cultural side to the relationship between the former Opium War enemies is just as important, and Chinese Liberal Democrats were privileged at their AGM in a restaurant in London’s Chinatown yesterday to hear from the British Council’s China advisor and education specialist, Dewi Knight, about the Council’s operations in China and future prospects. Dewi is no stranger to the Liberal Democrats, having been very active in the Welsh Party. This summer he also wrote a warm tribute to Charles Kennedy that was widely circulated. And although he is quite new to his China brief at the British Council he was bubbling with enthusiasm for the task ahead. Education will be the core concern, but he was adamant that the Council will promote what some might call British values as well, such as the rule of law and freedom of expression. Although the four British Council offices in China are more closely linked to the British Embassy and consulates than is the case in many countries, the Council does enjoy a degree of greater independence when it comes to such things. albeit expressing critical observations sotto voce. Chinese Liberal Democrats meanwhile will be doing their bit, both in promoting understanding of China in the UK and in helping recruit new LibDem members from Britain’s Chinese communities.
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Posted by jonathanfryer on Saturday, 14th November, 2015
Given the drubbing that the party received at the General Election in May — losing all but one MP, Tom Brake, in London — London Liberal Democrats were in amazingly high spirits at their AGM at the University of West London today. But then LibDems are the perennial Minions of British politics; knock one over and (s)he immediately bounces back up. One reason for the good spirit was undoubtedly the large number of new members that have joined the party over the past six months, of whom there were a goodly number present at the one-day conference. But the main reason was the relished challenge of the London Mayoral and Greater London Assembly elections in six months’ time. Current Assembly member Caroline Pidgeon, who is number 1 on the LibDem top-up list for the Assembly is the party’s mayoral candidate and has had good media coverage for her work on the Assembly, not least in the field of transport. She gave a short but rousing rallying speech, and the Number 2 on the list, Emily Davey, spoke on housing, which is her speciality and is rightly being promoted as the top issue for concern in the capital. Number 3 is Merlene Emerson and it would be wonderful if she were elected too; the LibDems have had as many as 5 Assembly members in the past, and as an ethnic Chinese, Merlene would add some much needed diversity to the ranks of LibDem elected politicians.
I spoke about the EU Referendum, which David Cameron has said will happen some time before the end of 2017, but which the Westminster village believes could come as early as June or July next year. I had stayed up until the early hours of this morning following the news of the horrific terrorist attack in Paris. In my speech I mentioned how pleased I was that Donald Tusk, President of the European Council (and former Polish Prime Minister) had in his message to French President Francois Hollande not only expressed solidarity with the French people but also declared that the attack was an assault on Europe and European values. How often does David Cameron talk of European values, I asked rhetorically. While obviously working closely with the Stronger in Europe campaign, the LibDems must be leaders in campaigning for Britain to remain in the EU — as Tim Farron showed he was willing to be, in a skype link from the Welsh Liberal Democrat conference in Swansea. We need to be talking about Europe on the doorstep and putting it in our literature during the GLA campaign. More than anywhere in this country, London benefits from our EU membership, whatever the oafish Boris Johnson may say to the country, and it is essential that we do not allow a Brexit by default.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: Boris Johnson, Caroline Pidgeon, David Cameron, Donald Tuysk, Emily Davey, EU Referendum, Francois Hollande, GLA, London Liberal Democrats, Tim Farron | Leave a Comment »
Posted by jonathanfryer on Thursday, 12th November, 2015
The EBRD has run a stimulating cultural programme over the last few days, but this evening there was a real novelty, in cooperation with One World Media: a panel discussion on the reality for journalists and NGO workers operating in conflict zones. Things have changed dramatically since I was a cub reporter in the Vietnam War; it never crossed my mind to wear a flak jacket then, but journalists were not a target then in the way that they have been really since the break-up of Yugoslavia. My former BBC colleague, and now Head of Communications at EBRD, Jonathan Charles, who chaired this evening’s event, had some hairy stories of his own, but the focus was rightly on the four panelists. ITV camerman Toby Nash gave moving testimony of evacuating Yazidi refugees from Mount Sinjar in Iraq, while Natalie Roberts, a doctor with Médecins sans Frontieres, drew on her experience in Yemen, Syria and elsewhere to show how both governments and foreign military forces deliberately target hospitals and other humanitarian centres. Harper McConnell is senior Director of the Eastern Congo Initiative and spoke of how to engage with people in conflict situations, while Soraya Narfeldt from RA International made the valuable point that in conflict situations good people sometimes do bad things and evil people can show extraordinary humanity. She also felt that politicians are far removed from the reality on the ground. Altogether a very stimulating panel and evening.
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: EBRD, Harper McConnell, Jonathan Charles, Natalie Roberts, One World Media, Soraya Narfeldt, Toby Nash | Leave a Comment »